What Are the New Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines for Average-Risk Women?

The American Cancer Society (ACS) recently updated their breast cancer screening guidelines for women who are at an average risk of developing the disease.  It was published in the October 20, 2015 issue of JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Society). Here are the recommendations: Women with an average risk of breast cancer should undergo…

New Hope for Women with Ovarian Cancer

A recent medical article reviewed that the ten year survival rate of patients who were treated for ovarian cancer has been increasing and now may be approaching 30%.  This is an exciting report, and it suggests that the current medical and surgical treatments are starting to have a positive effect on survival rates. Early diagnosis…

Why Are Colonoscopies Crucial for You and When?

I would like to introduce you to my son, Dr. Michael Polcino III!  He is a board certified colorectal surgeon and surgical oncologist.  Today, he is discussing colorectal cancer and indications for a colonoscopy.  Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer for both men and women and is the second leading cause of…

How Effective Is the Latest Egg Freezing Technology?

Fertility and reproductive medicine is constantly changing and expanding as its technology rapidly advances.  Freezing a woman’s eggs can be of great benefit for many conditions such as cancer and infertility. Initially, a woman’s eggs, which are called oocytes, were frozen with moderate success.  Ice crystals formed within the oocyte which caused damage and left the egg…

When Should Young Women Start Getting Pap Smears?

     Cervical cancer was once the number one cancer killer, but with the introduction of the Pap smear almost 60 years ago, this cancer has become increasingly rare.  The guidelines for cervical cancer screening are always evolving, and the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) has been at the forefront of these changes….

A Tool to Measure Your Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

…..Many women who are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer are not aware of their risk.  If you are at an increased risk, a pharmacologic preventive therapy (chemoprevention) is a consideration you should discuss with your health care provider.  It has been reported that the agents used can reduce the risk by 50%….

What Makes You at Risk for Hepatitis C?

…..Recently, the newspapers have been full of articles concerning the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and a new medication that reportedly cures people with the chronic type of the disease.  It is a very expensive drug, but the results have been wonderful; so I think it is time to give a little review of this disease….

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Why Finding Out if You Have Cancer Genes Is Imperative

…..Breast cancer and Lynch syndrome genes are carried by over one million people in the United States, and these two conditions are associated with the most common hereditary gynecological cancers.  At present, only a very small percentage of the women who carry these genes have been identified.  Therefore, the protocols that can be used to…