When Should Young Women Start Getting Pap Smears?

     Cervical cancer was once the number one cancer killer, but with the introduction of the Pap smear almost 60 years ago, this cancer has become increasingly rare.  The guidelines for cervical cancer screening are always evolving, and the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) has been at the forefront of these changes….

What Makes You at Risk for Hepatitis C?

…..Recently, the newspapers have been full of articles concerning the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and a new medication that reportedly cures people with the chronic type of the disease.  It is a very expensive drug, but the results have been wonderful; so I think it is time to give a little review of this disease….

Herpes Information Made Simple

…..A few times a week a new case of genital herpes presents to my office, and the patient always experiences great psychological and physical pain and stress.  The classic presentation of HSV (herpes simplex virus) is a painful group of vesicles and ulcers. …..The infections are classified as primary, non-primary first episode, or recurrent.  The primary…

Some Points You May Not Know About HPV

…..Let us continue our HPV informational journey with a few essential points: HPV infections are almost exclusively acquired from sexual exposure. The virus has been detected in multiple sites on both the male and female genital areas. The cervix is the most common site for the infection. Transmission between the mother and infant has been…

What Other Issues Can HPV Cause?

…..It was not until the early 1980s that the association between the human papillomavirus (HPV) and genital tract infections became apparent.  A German research physician had isolated the HPV 16 and implicated its role in the development of cervical cancer, so a new scientific journey had begun. …..We now know that the persistence of an…

Gonorrhea – A Condition Which Often Lacks Symptoms

…..Next in my series about sexually transmitted infections in adolescents, we will be discussing gonorrhea. …..Gonorrhea is a common STI in the adolescent and young adult population (15 to 25).  There are about 750,000 cases each year, with women having a slightly higher rate than men.  We should use the same targeted screening that is…

Urgent Facts About Chlamydia, a Common STI

…..Sexually transmitted infections in adolescents continued… …..Chlamydia is one of the most common infectious diseases in the United States, with somewhere between 1 to 3 million cases each year among women ages 15 to 45. The most affected group is between ages 15 and 19, followed by 20 to 25 as the second most affected…

What Factors Place Adolescents at an Increased Risk of Developing STIs?

…..Young women are at a high risk of acquiring STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and of developing the serious complications of untreated chlamydial and gonococcal infections.  Almost half of all STIs occur in teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15 and 25.  Physical and behavioral factors place the sexually active teenager at an increased…

Methods of Herpes Treatment

…..I hope this finds all of my friends doing well.  For now we will finish our discussion of herpes. …..During a symptomatic outbreak, the treatment consists of supportive measures such as oral and topical pain medications and special genital hygiene.  An antiviral medication can be added to decrease the viral shedding and the duration of the…

Herpes, Type 1 and Type 2

…..The weather on Long Island continues to be perfect beach weather; I hope everyone is taking the time to enjoy the outdoors, spending wonderful times with family and friends. …..Let’s get back to our review of the herpes simplex virus (HSV).  HSV is a DNA virus classified into two subtypes, 1 and 2, based on…